By Linda Weiss
For greater than part a century, the USA has led the realm in constructing significant applied sciences that force the trendy economic climate and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. ability for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide safety nation, a fancy of companies, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting protection preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that advanced emerged and the way it has developed based on altering geopolitical threats and household political constraints, from the chilly conflict interval to the post-9/11 era.
Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital money, new types of expertise procurement via security and security-related corporations, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide safety nation has been the crucible for leap forward techniques, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of recent organizations, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector tasks. Her ebook appraises power myths in regards to the military-commercial courting on the middle of the nationwide safeguard kingdom. Weiss additionally discusses the results for knowing U.S. capitalism, the yank country, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized businesses curtail funding in production and innovation.
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Extra info for America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State (Cornell Studies in Political Economy)
As Eisenhower’s chief science adviser, James Killian, recalled: As it beeped into the sky, Sputnik 1 created a crisis of conﬁdence that swept the country like a windblown forest ﬁre. . Conﬁdence in American science, technology, and education suddenly evaporated. (Killian 1977, 7) Not least, the Sputnik effect planted new shoots in the NSS and instituted a system of perpetual innovation for military preparedness. NSC-68 had emphasized the relationship between technological superiority and national defense; suddenly, however, it seemed that it was the USSR that had been actively building that relationship while the United States had been caught sleeping.
It is our job,” Eisenhower argued, “to take the initiative in promoting the development of new resources, if our national security indicates the need. It is our duty to support broad research programs in educational institutions, in industry, and in whatever ﬁeld might Rise of National Security State as Tech. Enterprise 29 be of importance to the Army” (Melman 1970). Public and private actors would work together under the goal-setting auspices of the national security state in order to develop the cutting-edge technologies necessary for national defense.
The surprise attack on American territory in 1941 helped strengthen the postwar case for permanent military preparedness that gave birth to a vast national security infrastructure, but it was by no means a fait accompli at war’s end. ”3 Intense struggles ensued between different parts of the bureaucracy, between the executive and Congress, and between powerful political actors over different organizational designs that conﬂicted with established power prerogatives and offended that cluster of American values aptly captured by Friedberg (2000) under the label of antistatism.