An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy 2nd Ed. by Oliver Leaman

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By Oliver Leaman

Even though Islamic philosophy represents the most vital philosophical traditions on this planet, it has merely quite lately started to obtain realization within the non-Islamic global. it is a re-creation of a profitable introductory booklet, accelerated and up-to-date to take account of modern scholarship. It makes a speciality of what's considered as Islamic philosophy's golden age, and may attract scholars and to any common reader drawn to this philosophical culture.

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Firstly, as we have seen, the space which philosophy sought to occupy was already filled by theology, the theory of language and a well-developed jurisprudence. Philosophy appeared to be an interloper into a field of problems which were being taken care of quite adequately by other theoretical devices and from different speculative perspectives. e. the commands of God. Secondly, the conclusions which philosophy seemed to offer as the only demonstratively respectable conclusions often ran against the most important principles of Islamic theology, not to mention the Qur’¯an itself.

The Prophet himself announced that he was the last of the prophets, and so there would be no more revelations or voices claiming divine authority. God has thus invited human beings to assume responsibility for their judgments and to employ their reason in establishing the way they ought to behave. Of course, they will be helped by the Qur’¯an and the rest of Islamic law and tradition, but there will frequently be occasions when these sources do not comment upon particular problems and situations.

This hidden agenda will be considered very carefully. As far as the question of the fal¯asifa’s orthodoxy goes, it must be admitted that the absence of a priesthood in Islam meant that the question of which beliefs are heretical and which are acceptable could never be precisely settled. Belief in the divine character of the Qur’¯an itself is a vital aspect of Muslim belief, and any belief or practice which is a candidate for acceptance by the community of Islam must be shown to be compatible with the Qur’¯an, and sometimes this compatibility is very difficult to establish.

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