Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America by Constantino M Torres, David B Repke

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By Constantino M Torres, David B Repke

A multidisciplinary examine of pre-Columbian South America—centering at the psychoactive plant genus Anadenanthera

As cultures shaped and developed in pre-Columbian South the United States, Anadenanthera grew to become the most regularly occurring shamanic inebriants. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of old South the United States is greater than a complete reference on shamanic visionary ingredients; it's a great tool for archeologists and pre-Columbian artwork historians. This thorough e-book examines the ritual and cultural use of Anadenanthera from prehistory to the current, in addition to its botany, chemistry, pharmacology, anthropology, and archeology.

The earliest facts for using psychoactive vegetation in South the United States is supplied via is still of seeds and pods recovered from archeological websites 4 millennia outdated. quite a few arrangements have been derived from it with the rationale of being a shamanic inebriant. Inhaled during the nostril, smoked in pipes or as cigars, and ready in fermented beverages, Anadenanthera served a relevant position within the cultural improvement of indigenous societies in South the US. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of historical South the USA explores the whole spectrum of data gleaned from study, protecting a number of archeological websites within the Andean sector, in addition to discussing Amazonian shamanic rituals and lore. Analyses of the inventive expressions in the of linked ceremonial paraphernalia reminiscent of ritual snuffing tubes and snuff trays are integrated. The textual content is richly illustrated with images and photographs of adorned ritual implements, and gives a finished bibliography.

Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of old South the USA explores:

  • botanical features, taxonomy, and geographical distribution of Anadenanthera
  • ethnographical, historic, and conventional facets of Anadenanthera use
  • chemical and pharmacological investigations of the genus and a few of the visionary arrangements derived from it—with emphasis at the biologically lively constituents
  • theories of the mechanisms of motion of the lively tryptamines and carboline alkaloids
  • comparisons of wooden anatomy, morphology, and percent of alkaloid content material
  • review of stylistic and iconographic traits

Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of historical South the United States is an intensive, resource for archeologists, anthropologists, chemists, researchers, pre-Columbian artwork historians, and any layperson attracted to pre-Columbian paintings, archeology, or visionary crops.

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8) Plantas que no reúnen los anteriores caracteres ...................................................... 45 Plantas arbóreas, arbustivas o subarbustivas........................................................... 46 Plantas herbáceas..................................................................................................... 77 Árboles o arbustos; tallos articulados; hojas reducidas a escamas, verticiladas; fruto en aquenio alado, que se agrupan en forma de falsa piña o estróbilo .........................

Plantas sin perianto, o con el perianto reducido a cerdas o escamas; ovario súpero, unilocular, con 1 rudimento seminal; fruto en aquenio o en cariopsis; flores de ordinario agrupadas en espiguilla; hojas con frecuencia lineares ............................. 78 Plantas que no reúnen los anteriores caracteres ..................................................... 79 Flores protegidas por 2 o más brácteas; tallos de ordinario fistulosos; vainas foliares por lo general abiertas lateralmente; anteras dorsifijas ......

1) Estambres 1, ó 4-5(10) ...................................... LXXXVII. p. (vol. 6) Flores con frecuencia unisexuales, dispuestas en espiga (espadice), sobre un eje ± carnoso, provista de una bráctea (espata) ± vistosa que la rodea ............................. CLXXIX. Araceae (vol. 18) Plantas que no reúnen los anteriores caracteres ................................................. 115 Inflorescencias muy congestas (ciatio), con el aspecto de una flor, formadas por varias flores masculinas –reducidas cada una de ellas a un estambre– reunidas en 5 cincinos en torno a una flor femenina central, solitaria, subsésil o pedicelada; plantas con látex ............................................

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