By Leo G. Lesage (auth.), Ashot A. Sarkisov, Alain Tournyol du Clos (eds.)
A nice variety of nuclear submarines are as a result of be decommissioned sooner than 2000. The political judgements surrounding the disposal of nuclear booths, radioactive wastes and spent gasoline fluctuate notably among the international locations that personal the boats. the choice makers concerned therefore need assistance in evaluating and assessing substitute strategies for the decommissioning in their nuclear submarine fleets. the current quantity bargains such guidance, with its discussions of the dangers linked to long term water garage of the boats, radioactive and chemical illness, spent gasoline and waste administration, and dealing with and recycling reactor compartments.
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Additional resources for Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposal
6. Conclusion It can be concluded that the risk to the environment, workers and nearby communities, associated with the storage of submarines without prior defueling of the reactor core, is negligibly small. Therefore, factors such as: physical degradation of the hull, mooring site spent fuel storage capacity and resources available for defueling will determine the time scale for eliminating the current submarine defueling backlog. Although details of nuclear powered submarines are classified, and were not available for this study, sufficient information was available from public sources to allow a simple model to be developed and analyzed.
When solving the complex problem of utilization the sequence of the stages from removal from operation to the complete shop cutting is the following: - removal from operation operation and transfer to the mode of long-term storage; - storage with unloaded core; - core unloading; 33 A. A. Sarkisov and A. ), Analysis ofRisks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposal, 33-40. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 34 - reactor core and reactor compartment putting into the state, providing long-term storage after fuel unloading; - storage and transportation of unloaded fuel; - cutting of the ship transportation and burial.
For the time being, more than 20 nuclear submarines are prepared for interim waterborne storage (reactor cores are unloaded, reactor compartments are cut out). These compartments are stored as floating modules at special storage sites (Saida bay) and intended for further transfer to enterprises for ship disintegration. 29 A. A. Sarkisov and A. ), Analysis ofRisks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposal. 29-31. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 30 Such a floating module needs no maintenance perfonned by a special staff.