Cultural Identity in the Roman Empire by Dr Joanne Berry, Joanne Berry, Ray Laurence

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By Dr Joanne Berry, Joanne Berry, Ray Laurence

This provocative and sometimes arguable quantity examines recommendations of ethnicity, citizenship and nationhood, to figure out what constituted cultural identification within the Roman Empire. The participants draw jointly the latest learn and use assorted theoretical and methodological views from archaeology, classical stories and historical background to problem our easy assumptions of Romanization and the way elements of Europe grew to become included right into a Roman culture.
Cultural identification within the Roman Empire breaks new flooring, arguing that the belief of a unified and simply outlined Roman tradition is over-simplistic, and supplying replacement theories and versions. This well-documented and well timed e-book provides cultural id in the course of the Roman empire as a fancy and numerous factor, a long way faraway from the former inspiration of a dichotomy among the Roman invaders and the Barbarian conquered.

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Excavation of the cemetery at Bidd’e Cresia, which was continuously used from the fourth century BC until the fourth century AD, has shown that the burials datable in the third and second centuries BC were almost exclusively accompanied by locally made Punic objects. Several burials, moreover, attest a burial rite with a distinctly Punic character (enchytrismos burial in a reused Punic amphora), although simple trench burials were the norm (Paderi 1982b). Typically Roman graves (alla cappuccina—tombs covered with standing tiles) and cremation burials, both associated with locally made Roman ceramica comune and imported sigillata, occur only from the first century BC onwards (Paderi 1982c).

This holds for both common kitchen and utilitarian ware and for commercial amphorae. g. g. amphorae of the Maña D type, Bartoloni’s Forma E). All Roman materials invariably are imports, mostly Campanian Black Glaze table ware (the Campana A variety being the most common), and occasionally amphorae 39 PETER VAN DOMMELEN (Graeco-Italic as well as Dressel 1 types). In the Riu Mannu sample there is one conspicuous exception to this picture, where a significantly larger quantity and variety of Roman imports have been found.

In the particular case of the southern Arborèa, a clear sense of a Punic cultural identity referring to the earlier period of Carthaginian domination was constructed in the later third century. It held out during the entire second century BC. But, if the construction of a cultural identity was a considered response to the new structures imposed on west central Sardinia, the Punic identity is likely to have been emphasised in different ways among different socio-economic groups. These various socio-economic positions and related responses correspond 42 PUNIC PERSISTENCE closely to the political and economic structures imposed on Sardinia by the Roman authorities.

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